From: Avnish Kashyap < >
Real origin of the Kashmir problem
Jammu and Kashmir
For years before independence Kashmir head of state was Hindu. If Kashmir is a Muslim state, how did they appoint a Hindu king? Probably, all (the Hindustani) Muslims are Hindu converts due to Islamic invasions. This is my personal opinion. – Sarpeshkar
|If World War III were to begin, most defense and political experts the most likely place will be Kashmir and between Nuclear powers India and Pakistan. Everyone seems to sense this, yet the two countries remain locked in a dangerous confrontation. The main flashpoint is Kashmir.
What are the origins of the problem and what keeps the fire of conflict raging? Having no legal right to claim Kashmir but desiring it all costs, a belligerent and aggressive Pakistan has waged four very costly and unsuccessful wars on India seeking to wrest control of Kashmir from India by force. Pakistan’s greatest military and political supporter always has been America. Why?
Conflict is an expensive affair. Yet Pakistan with an economy that survives on handouts, grants and subsidies primarily from America and American allies.
Why would the world’s most powerful nation, which portrays itself as ‘The Champion of Freedom and Democracy’ support an incompetent, corrupt, theocratic, fundamentalist, terrorist, military regime with state of the art weapons and training etc. to continuously wage war on India, a peace loving secular democratic nation? Why?
Why in the name of fighting terrorism give Pakistan weapons that can only be used only against India such as aircraft with nuclear weapons delivery capabilities? Why?
|This requires us to travel back in history before Indian independence.
Britain became an empire by being effective, in protecting and furthering her own interests at all costs, while being extremely polite and diplomatic. Britain’s interest was to retain indirect control of India even after independence. This is still done in many ways, but here we will only discuss the military one.
A weakened Britain backed by a powerful America did not want to leave a power vacuum in which communist Soviet Union and a possibly China could take control. So they proposed British bases and armed forces to be retained in India after independence. Indian leaders refused to allow the stationing of foreign troops
Jinnah on the other hand made a deal with the British, that if they partitioned India, and provided provide military and economic aid to Pakistan, then he would give free rein to the British to do as they chose. This was a major incentive for the British to partition India. Bengal and Kashmir were two strategic areas from which British and American forces could keep in check, both Russia and China.
In pursuit of their grand objectives, the Americans in 1954 chose Turkey, Iran and Pakistan as their defense partners to contain Russia and communism. In 1955 SEATO and CENTO was formed and had expanded to include UK and Iraq also. In 1959. Massive American aid began gushing into Pakistan, turning a relatively small insignificant nation into a monster.
Inexplicably both India and Pakistan agreed to retain Britishers as Commander-in-Chief and Chiefs of Air and Naval Staff, of their respective armies, even after independence. Lord Mountbatten was appointed the Governor General of India.
Mountbatten, not Nehru presided over the proceedings of the Defense Committee of the Cabinet. Incredulously Nehru willingly handed over control of the security and defense of the country to the British. More shocking is the silence of all Indian leaders, the intellectuals and the general public on this matter.
The heads of the armed forces both of India and Pakistan which were commanded by British generals, were in a unique position to influence the course of the military action. The Attlee Government in the UK, Mountbatten and the British generals in India and General Gracey, British C-in-C of Pakistani army, conspired to stop India from making full use of its military strength to throw out Pakistani forces from Jammu and Kashmir or to attack Pakistan in 1947-48.
|Recently unclassified British records reveal that, Mountbatten and his officers collectively projected to Indian leaders a deliberately exaggerated picture of India’s military limitations, vis-a-vis Pakistan. General Busher, C-in-C Indian Army, issued a directive on July 6, 1948, to General Cariappa in Jammu and Kashmir, that no major operation should be undertaken without approval of Army HQ. He forbade the use of the Indian Air force. Mountbatten further advised India to take the case to the United Nations.|
|Evidence by way of interviews and records of this conspiracy have been recorded by C. Das Gupta in his book War and Diplomacy in Kashmir 1947-48 by Sage Publications, New Delhi.|