From: Tuli Yashvir < >
From: Sharad Aras < >
Date: Tuesday, Oct 13, 2020 at 07.45 PM
A great saga of valour and brutality!
JALIANWALA BAGH and Gen Michael Dyer
: “He is a mad man” – said *Gandhi! * about Udham Singh.
“His act was a senseless deed” – also said *Pundit Nehru! *
“We condemn his act of terror and apologize and hope we are not punished for it”
This resolution was passed by *The Congress Party! *
He was *Shaheed Udham Singh* and the senseless deed he did was that he killed *Michael Dwyer. *
Michael was the *monster* who massacred 1526 innocent unarmed peaceful Indians in *Jalian wala Bagh, Amritsat in 1919.*
Udham singh was a 19 years old volunteer who was serving Water to the 20,000 people gathered in the garden on festival of Baisakhi.
They were brutally massacred by Gen Dwyer and Udham singh was live witness to it.
He wanted to avenge the brutality and get some sense of justice to these martyrs.
British GOVT didn’t take any action.
*Congress couldn’t get British to act on Dwyer.*
So Dwyer happily retired to England and was leading a peaceful rich life.
*Meanwhile, Udham singh joined Gadhar Party and fought for freedom.*
He was jailed for 5 years and there he was inspired by death and martyrdom of *Bhagat Singh* who wanted to take action on Dwyer.
After release, he escaped from India through Kashmir. He went to Germany and then to London.
He joined as engineer and pursued Dwyer for 6 years. He procured a gun, learnt shooting and then found that on 13, March, 1940 Dwyer was speaking in Caxton hall, London.
He hid a gun in a book in which he had carved a place for gun. Sat in front row and shot two bullets into heart and lung of Dwyer.
Dwyer died instantly.
Udham Singh didn’t escape. He bravely courted arrest.
He told these words to the judge:
*”I did it because I had a grudge against him. He deserved it. He was the real culprit. He wanted to crush the spirit of my people, so I have crushed him. For full 21 years, I have been trying to seek vengeance. I am happy that I have done the job. I am not scared of death. I am dying for my country. I have seen my people starving in India under the British rule. I have protested against this; it was my duty. What greater honor could be bestowed on me than death for the sake of my motherland?”*
He was sentenced to death in the court.
He fasted for 42 days in the jail and was brutally tortured and hanged on July 31, 1940
*Meanwhile in India congress condemned his act. Gandhi and Nehru abused him for making British angry and they forced Congress to pass a resolution against killing of Dwyer.*
They were very busy those days helping British recruit Indian soldiers for World War – II and they didn’t want Punjab to get upset with British.
This is our great freedom fighting party which condemned killing of a monster like Dwyer who massacred 1526 people in Punjab.
*Udham Singh was buried in London, and like other freedom fighters he is forgotten in India.*
*No text books talk about him.*
Few people know about him.
*I am happy that they are making a movie on this patriot and coincidentally it will be released on Gandhi ji’s birthday on Oct 2. His story is a great and inspiring one.*
Mayawati named a District in Uttarakhand after him in 1995, perhaps the only good deed she has done in her life and in 1974 his remains were exhumed and brought to Bharat and he was cremated here.
His ashes are in an urn in *Jalian Wala Bagh.*
Let this message be passed to generations next.
Ramesh Motwani: Do anyone in India know this piece of history?
Answer must be a firm “No” from most of us! Now please read on.
Remembered in Japan, forgotten in India……..
The day was 12 November, 1948. Tokyo Trials are going on in a huge garden house on the outskirts of Tokyo, the trial of fifty-five Japanese war criminals including Japan’s then Prime Minister Tojo, after losing WWII.
Of these, twenty-eight people have been identified as Class-A (crimes against peace) war criminals. If proved, the only punishment is the “death penalty”.
Eleven international judges from all over the world are announcing……”Guilty”…. “Guilty”…… “Guilty”……… Suddenly one thundered, “Not Guilty!”
A silence came down in the hallway. Who was this lone dissenter?
His name was Radha Binod Pal a Judge from India.
Born in 1886 in the Kumbh of East Bengal, his mother made a living by taking care of a household and their cow. For feeding the cow, Radha used to take the cow to the land near a local primary school.
When the teacher taught in school, Radha used to listen from outside. One day the school inspector came to visit the school from the city. He asked some questions of the students after entering the class. Everyone was silent. Radha said from outside the classroom window…. “I know the answer to all your questions.” And he answered all the questions one by one. Inspector said… “Wonderful! Which class do you read?”
The answer came, “… I do not read…I graze a cow.”
Everyone was shocked to hear that. Calling the head teacher, the school inspector instructed the boy to take admission in school as well as provide some stipend.
This is how education of Radha Binod Pal started. Then after passing the school final with the highest number in the district, he was admitted to Presidency College. After taking M Sc. from the University of Calcutta, he studied law again and got the Doctorate title. In the context of choosing the opposite of two things he once said, “law and mathematics are not so different after all.”
Coming back again to the International Court of Tokyo.
In his convincing argument to the rest of the jurists he signified that the Allies, (winners of WWII), also violated the principles of restraint and neutrality of international law. In addition to ignoring Japan’s surrender hints, they killed two hundred thousand innocent people using nuclear bombardment.
The judges were forced to drop many of the accused from Class-A to B, after seeing the logic written on twelve hundred thirty-two pages by Radha Binod Pal. These Class-B war criminals were saved by him from a sure death penalty. His verdict in the international court gave him and India a world-famous reputation.
Japan respects this great man. In 1966 Emperor Hirohito awarded him the highest civilian honor of the country, ‘Kokko Kunsao’. Two busy roads in Tokyo and Kyotto have been named after him. The law has been included in the syllabus of his sentence. In front of the Supreme Court of Tokyo, his statue has been placed. In 2007, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe expressed his desire to meet his family members in Delhi and met his son.
Dr. Radha Binod Pal (27 January 1886 – 10 January 1967) name is remembered in the history of Japan. In Tokyo, Japan, he has a museum and a statue in Yasukuni shrine.
Japan University has a research center in his name. Because of his judgment on Japanese war criminals, Chinese people hate him.
He is the author of many books related to law. In India, almost nobody knows him and perhaps not even his neighbors know him! A Hindi movie was made on him, Tokyo Trials, starring Irfan Khan but that movie never made headlines.
….just one of the many underrated & unknown Indians.
I sincerely request you to read it at least and if you felt it’s worth so, you can share it also.
Must read article for every Indian having self-respect.
S K KOCHHAR